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LAST_UPDATEMon, 23 Apr 2018 12am

Trump Replaces National Security Adviser McMaster With Bolton

US President Donald Trump has named John Bolton as his new National Security Adviser, raising alarms among opposition leaders and foreign policy experts, who called the former American ambassador to the United Nations a warmonger over his record on the Iraq war and views on Iran and North Korea.

In a social media post late on Thursday, Trump announced that Bolton will replace Lt General HR McMaster as his chief adviser on national security beginning on April 9.

In a statement, Bolton said he has accepted the appointment, adding that it is a "honour" to become a part of Trump's cabinet.

"The United States currently faces a wide array of issues and I look forward to working with President Trump and his leadership team in addressing these complex challenges in an effort to make our country safer at home and stronger abroad".

Bolton's appointment and McMaster's departure followed weeks of political turmoil in Washington DC.

Last week, Trump forced out Rex Tillerson as his US Secretary of State and appointed CIA director Mike Pompeo as replacement.

A White House source told Al Jazeera that Trump and McMaster "mutually agreed" on the decision for him to resign.

The source denied that the reshuffle was related to recent developments in Trump' s cabinet, saying it was the result of "ongoing conversations" between the two officials.

In a separate statement, Trump praised McMaster's 30 years of service in the military and the government, saying "his bravery and toughness are legendary".

In confirming his resignation, McMaster also announced his retirement from the US Army.

"Throughout my career it has been my greatest privilege to serve alongside extraordinary servicemembers and dedicated civilians."

'Too extreme'
McMaster's replacement, Bolton, is seen as a hardliner on foreign policy. As a senior official at the state department during George W Bush's administration, he led in the opposition to the creation of the International Criminal Court, and was seen as a cheerleader of the Iraq invasion.

Despite his appointment as US ambassador to the UN, he was a critic of the international body.

Bernie Sanders, a senator and Trump critic, tore into Bolton's record, saying he was "part of the effort to mislead the US into the disastrous Iraq war, and has supported military action against North Korea and Iran".

"He was too extreme to be confirmed as UN ambassador in 2005 and is absolutely the wrong person to be national security advisor now".

Elizabeth Warren, another opposition senator, said Bolton "never met a war he didn't like".

"The last thing we need is someone like John Bolton who embraces military solutions first and puts us all at risk," she said.

On Iran, Bolton is also seen as a hawk, advocating for strikes on the country's military facilities.

In a statement following Bolton's appointment, the National Iranian American Council said "Donald Trump have have just effectively declared war on Iran".

"Bolton is an unhinged advocate for waging World War III. He has explicitly calling for bombing Iran for the past ten years and has suggested the US engage in nuclear first strikes in North Korea," the statement said.

-Al Jazeera